Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a ceremony to bestow state awards on army personnel who fought in Syria, on the Kremlin in Moscow on December 28, 2017.
Kirill Kudryavtsev | AFP | Getty Images
WASHINGTON – President Joe Biden didn’t accept Russian chief Vladimir Putin’s “red lines” on Ukraine throughout their high-stakes video name Tuesday that got here as Russia’s army builds its presence on the Ukrainian border.
Namely, that means the U.S. is not accepting Putin’s demand that Ukraine be denied entrance into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which is the world’s strongest army alliance. An assault on one NATO nation is taken into account an assault on all of them.
As it stands now, with Ukraine not in NATO, Biden and Western allies have warned Moscow that an invasion of Russia’s ex-Soviet neighbor will set off financial and political countermeasures.
During their name, Putin informed Biden that Ukraine’s bid to hitch NATO have to be denied in return for assurances that Russian troops wouldn’t perform an assault. Ukraine has sought acceptance into the alliance since 2002.
The Biden administration is keen to make it clear to Russia and the world that it is ready to be more durable this time round, in comparison with 2014, when Russian forces annexed Crimea.
When requested how Biden addressed Putin’s “red lines,” nationwide safety advisor Jake Sullivan informed reporters Tuesday that Biden made “made no such commitments or concessions.”
“He [Biden] stands by the proposition that countries should be able to freely choose who they associate with,” Sullivan mentioned.
The Kremlin has beforehand characterised NATO’s eastward enlargement as a direct safety menace, arguing that Ukraine’s acceptance into the alliance might lead to NATO troop actions on Russia’s borders.
“Putin has said again and again that Ukraine is culturally and historically part of Russia. Ukraine’s history is complicated, but for Putin and other Russians, Russia should by rights include Ukraine,” mentioned Mary Ellen O’Connell, a professor on the University of Notre Dame, when requested why Russia opposed NATO’s enlargement.
“At the very least, Putin does not want to see Ukraine become even more separated from Russia by joining Western institutions such as NATO or the European Union,” added O’Connell, an skilled on worldwide regulation and use of pressure.
In a Kremlin readout of the decision, Putin pressured to Biden that NATO is accountable for escalating tensions on Russia’s borders and accused the 30-member alliance of increase militaries in states adjoining to Russia.
Ukraine has warned Washington and European allies for weeks that Russian troops have been massing alongside its jap border, a growth that mimics Moscow’s 2014 invasion of Crimea. The annexation of the Black Sea peninsula sparked a world uproar and triggered a collection of sanctions on Moscow.
If it does invade Ukraine, Russia would seemingly face more durable penalties than it did in 2014, O’Connell mentioned.
O’Connell mentioned that the implications would seemingly be higher than these imposed in 2014.
“Putin does know that an invasion will likely draw fierce Ukrainian military resistance. The global response to such a brazen act of aggression would likely be even more costly than the invasion of Crimea,” O’Connell mentioned.
Sullivan downplayed considerations that extra sanctions wouldn’t deter Russia.
U.S. President Joe Biden holds digital talks with Russia’s President Vladimir Putin amid Western fears that Moscow plans to assault Ukraine, as Secretary of State Antony Blinken listens with different officers throughout a safe video name from the Situation Room on the White House in Washington, U.S., December 7, 2021.
The White House by way of Reuters
“The things we did not do in 2014, we are prepared to do now,” Sullivan mentioned, including that the White House was working intently with European allies, consultants from the Treasury Department, the State Department and the National Security Council on a bundle of financial and political countermeasures.
When requested particularly what measures the U.S. was ready to impose, Sullivan declined to elaborate.
Last week, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg known as on Moscow to de-escalate tensions and reiterated that the alliance’s dedication to Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity “remains unwavering.”
“Ukraine is a sovereign, independent nation. And every sovereign, independent nation has the right to choose its own path, including what kind of security arrangements it wants to be part of. So it is up to Ukraine and 30 allies to decide when Ukraine is ready to join the alliance,” Stoltenberg said during a NATO meeting in Riga, Latvia.
″[Russia] has no veto, no proper to intrude in that course of,” Stoltenberg mentioned.